Menopause is the change of life where a woman no longer menstruates and their period stops permanently. A woman is considered to have gone through menopause when she has not had a period for 12 months.
After menopause our sex hormones, oestrogen, progesterone and testosterone slowly decline to a very low levels. These hormones are responsible for maintaining tissue elasticity including vaginal tissue and they cause our lining of the uterus to thicken during the menstrual cycle. These hormones also preserve bone and muscle mass, they maintain vaginal blood flow and lubrication and they contribute to libido.
What are some of the Common Symptoms Associated with Menopause?
• Hot flushes
• Night sweats
• Vaginal dryness
• Bone loss (reduced bone density/osteoporosis)
• Heavy or irregular bleeding
• Incontinence (bladder and/or bowel)
• Urinary urgency (the need to rush to the toilet to urinate)
• Urinary frequency